Resources – The Cambodian Center for Study and Development in Agriculture https://cedac.org.kh/en CEDAC Wed, 23 Jun 2021 08:08:38 +0000 en-US hourly 1 https://wordpress.org/?v=6.0 https://cedac.org.kh/wp-content/uploads/2019/03/logo-favicon-150x132.png Resources – The Cambodian Center for Study and Development in Agriculture https://cedac.org.kh/en 32 32 158730539 បច្ចេកទេសសាមញ្ញៗស្តីពីកសិកម្មអភិរក្សធនធានធម្មជាតិ https://cedac.org.kh/en/archives/7700 Wed, 23 Jun 2021 08:08:38 +0000 https://cedac.org.kh/?p=7700 បច្ចេកទេសសាមញ្ញៗស្តីពីកសិកម្មអភិរក្សធនធានធម្មជាតិ Link download: Final-WWF-Home-grarden]]>

បច្ចេកទេសសាមញ្ញៗស្តីពីកសិកម្មអភិរក្សធនធានធម្មជាតិ

Link download: Final-WWF-Home-grarden

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SECURING COMMUNITY LAND RIGHTS FOR THE SUSTAINABLE LIVELIHOOD OF INDIGENOUS PEOPLES IN RATANAKIRI PROVINCE, CAMBODIA https://cedac.org.kh/en/archives/7613 Tue, 27 Apr 2021 05:53:19 +0000 https://cedac.org.kh/?p=7613 SECURING COMMUNITY LAND RIGHTS FOR THE SUSTAINABLE LIVELIHOOD OF INDIGENOUS PEOPLES IN RATANAKIRI PROVINCE, CAMBODIA FINAL REPORT – ANNEX 1 (LOGFRAME) for submission to the Happel Stiftung Happel Stiftung Project No. 52 Welthungerhilfe Project No. KHM 1055-16 Link Download: KHM1055 16 Annex I Final Logframe Happel Stiftung October 2020]]>

SECURING COMMUNITY LAND RIGHTS FOR THE SUSTAINABLE LIVELIHOOD
OF INDIGENOUS PEOPLES IN RATANAKIRI PROVINCE, CAMBODIA

FINAL REPORT – ANNEX 1 (LOGFRAME)
for submission to the Happel Stiftung
Happel Stiftung Project No. 52
Welthungerhilfe Project No. KHM 1055-16

Link Download: KHM1055 16 Annex I Final Logframe Happel Stiftung October 2020

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FOR THE SUSTAINABLE LIVELIHOOD OF INDIGENOUS PEOPLES IN RATANAKIRI PROVINCE, CAMBODIA https://cedac.org.kh/en/archives/7609 Tue, 27 Apr 2021 05:45:19 +0000 https://cedac.org.kh/?p=7609 FOR THE SUSTAINABLE LIVELIHOOD OF INDIGENOUS PEOPLES IN RATANAKIRI PROVINCE, CAMBODIAFOR THE SUSTAINABLE LIVELIHOOD OF INDIGENOUS PEOPLES IN RATANAKIRI PROVINCE, CAMBODIA FINAL REPORT for submission to the Happel Stiftung Happel Stiftung Project No. 52 Welthungerhilfe Project No. KHM 1055 Duration: February 2016 – April 2020 Link Download: KHM 1055-16 Final Report Happel Stiftung October 2020]]>

FOR THE SUSTAINABLE LIVELIHOOD OF INDIGENOUS PEOPLES IN RATANAKIRI PROVINCE, CAMBODIAFOR THE SUSTAINABLE LIVELIHOOD OF INDIGENOUS PEOPLES IN RATANAKIRI PROVINCE, CAMBODIA

FINAL REPORT
for submission to the Happel Stiftung
Happel Stiftung Project No. 52
Welthungerhilfe Project No. KHM 1055
Duration: February 2016 – April 2020

Link Download: KHM 1055-16 Final Report Happel Stiftung October 2020

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End-Evaluation – Zusammenfassung und Bewertung https://cedac.org.kh/en/archives/7605 Tue, 27 Apr 2021 05:27:18 +0000 https://cedac.org.kh/?p=7605 End-EvaluationSicherstellung der Rechte auf kommunale Landtitel für den Er-halt einer nachhaltigen Lebensgrundlage der indigenen Völker in der Provinz Ratanakiri (SLIP-KHM 1055) End-Evaluation – Zusammenfassung und Bewertung Link Download: KHM 1055-16_Annex III_Summary Evaluation Report DE]]> End-Evaluation

Sicherstellung der Rechte auf kommunale Landtitel für den Er-halt einer nachhaltigen Lebensgrundlage der indigenen Völker in der Provinz Ratanakiri
(SLIP-KHM 1055)
End-Evaluation – Zusammenfassung und Bewertung

Link Download: KHM 1055-16_Annex III_Summary Evaluation Report DE

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Cultivating Leaders in Organic Agriculture https://cedac.org.kh/en/archives/5434 Thu, 19 Jul 2018 08:25:49 +0000 http://ischooldb.com/cedac/?p=5434 Mr. Keo Roth is 49 years old and married with 3 children in Toul Roka village, Cheangtong commune, TramKak district, Takeo province. He has been working with CEDAC since 2004, growing rice and green manure on his 0.75 hectare farm. He implements SRI on his entire field, part of the Damreiromil community, which has been […]]]>

Mr. Keo Roth is 49 years old and married with 3 children in Toul Roka village, Cheangtong commune, TramKak district, Takeo province. He has been working with CEDAC since 2004, growing rice and green manure on his 0.75 hectare farm. He implements SRI on his entire field, part of the Damreiromil community, which has been been certified organic since 2008. He sold his first harvest to CEDAC (and, in turn, Lotus Foods) in 2009.

He decided to adopt SRI and cease using chemical inputs after attending several CEDAC trainings on the harmful effects of chemicals. Prior to this, he used chemical inputs, which had negative effects on his family’s health, especially stomach pain and throat irritation. During that time, he spent an average of 200,000 to 300,000 riel ($50-75 USD) per year on health expenditures, which has since decreased to 40,000 riel ($10 USD).

While he is happy to improve his health and the health of his family, in his view the main benefit to organic farming is the increase in income from selling to CEDAC compared to local markets. Through CEDAC, he makes at least 200-400 riel ($0.05-0.10 USD) more per kilo. Furthermore, he has reduced input expenses to about 250,000 riel annually, down from 500,000 riel ($62.50-125 USD) before adopting SRI. His yields have also risen, to around 1.9 tons from 1.4 (2.5-1.9 tons per hectare) compared to conventional techniques.

He has used this extra income to support his children to attend university, as well to invest in a business plowing fields with a tractor he bought with help from his brother. He estimates that he can earn an additional 2 million riel annually ($500 USD) from this business.

Mr. Roth did have some challenges with SRI when he first started. He struggled with an increase of insect infestation, but found that more extensive weeding by hand helped. He also cannot always attend trainings in other topics he is interested in, such as green manure, business management, partly due to extra time he needs to spend to properly implement SRI.

Due to his success with SRI, he was voted to representative 3 provinces as a board member for the regional Organic Rice producer Group. In this role, he facilities meetings, disseminates key ideas, supports paddy collection and negotiates prices. In his words, he “likes this position because I am always learning and can support community businesses.”

He is happy to see the group’s rice exported abroad, as it enables them to get higher prices than they could achieve domestically. The “4.5%” program is especially popular, where 4.5% of the profits from sales of their fair-trade certified rice abroad is returned to the farmers in the form of a social development fund. He adds that he is “proud to serve safe food to my family and to consumers, both in Cambodia and abroad.”

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CEDAC Internal Inspector: A Key Link Between Producers and the Market https://cedac.org.kh/en/archives/5431 Thu, 19 Jul 2018 08:19:53 +0000 http://ischooldb.com/cedac/?p=5431 While farmers are the key actors in promoting sustainable agriculture methods, there are a number people who play an important role in supporting and facilitating their efforts. These include trainers, local authorities, market vendors and, for our our certified organic rice farmers, internal inspectors such as Ms. Eng Chang Sreypov. Ms. Eng Chang, 25, has […]]]>

While farmers are the key actors in promoting sustainable agriculture methods, there are a number people who play an important role in supporting and facilitating their efforts. These include trainers, local authorities, market vendors and, for our our certified organic rice farmers, internal inspectors such as Ms. Eng Chang Sreypov. Ms. Eng Chang, 25, has been working with CEDAC for 6 years and as an inspector in Kampong Chnang province since 2011.  She works with 97 farmers in the province to ensure they are correctly implementing organic farming principles before the external inspectors survey the crops so that it can be exported as certified organic rice.

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The seedlings are much stronger, the panicles are longer, and each plant has more stalks https://cedac.org.kh/en/archives/5428 Thu, 19 Jul 2018 08:13:46 +0000 http://ischooldb.com/cedac/?p=5428 Mrs. Jia Thor is 48 years old and has 5 children. Her husband is a farmer as well. While 2 of her children are married and one works in Phnom Penh, she is still directly supporting a family of four in Spean Deik village, Samakee Meanchey district, Kampong Chnang province.  On 0.7 hectares of land, […]]]>

Mrs. Jia Thor is 48 years old and has 5 children. Her husband is a farmer as well. While 2 of her children are married and one works in Phnom Penh, she is still directly supporting a family of four in Spean Deik village, Samakee Meanchey district, Kampong Chnang province. 
On 0.7 hectares of land, she grows rice and vegetables and raises fish and frogs in the wet season. Rice is her primary source of income. Before implementing SRI, her yields averaged around 1.4 tons per hectare. After moving to organic farming with SRI, that figure has now risen to 2 tons per hectare.
She ceased using chemical inputs in 2008, after suffering from a number of recurring illnesses. Her neighbor Mrs. Thop Taet introduced her to SRI and CEDAC, and encouraged her to implement it. Since doing so, her health and livelihood has improved, especially since she spends less on healthcare. SRI has also increased her income from year to year. In 2009, she started organic farming on all of her land. In 2011, she earned about 700,000 riel (approximately $175 USD) from rice. In 2012, she increased in rice income to 920,000 riel ($230 USD). Between their rice and other agricultural activities, her family has enough food to last the entire year. She also has been able to save 2 million riel (approximately $500 USD) through the local women’s group.
She says that one of her favorite things about SRI is that the benefits are immediately visible: “The seedlings are much stronger, the panicles are longer, and each plant has more stalks.” She hopes to further improve her production through collecting more compost and growing green manure on her plot.

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SRI and Organic Farming: Benefiting Farmers, Strengthening Communities https://cedac.org.kh/en/archives/5426 Thu, 19 Jul 2018 08:03:21 +0000 http://ischooldb.com/cedac/?p=5426 SRI and organic agriculture are powerful tools to help farmers increase their production as well as raise their standard of living. But their benefits are not only limited to the field. Farming communities that lack of technical knowledge and suffer from low productivity often also struggle with poor communication and weak relationships within the village. […]]]>

SRI and organic agriculture are powerful tools to help farmers increase their production as well as raise their standard of living. But their benefits are not only limited to the field. Farming communities that lack of technical knowledge and suffer from low productivity often also struggle with poor communication and weak relationships within the village. They also lack of the means and opportunities to develop other income generating activities. 

The introduction of innovative agricultural methods into the community can be the first step in strengthening mutual cooperation and spurring new businesses. According to a local farmer Mrs. Him Sothy, this was especially the case in Chumteav Chreng village in Samaki Meanchey district of Kampong Chhnang province.

45 years old, Mrs. Sothy is married with 5 children. Her oldest daughter is a teacher, while the rest of her children are still studying. She supports all her children at their homestead.
She grows rice on 2.5 hectares of land. Previously, she produced around 2 tons per hectare with traditional methods without chemical inputs.
Since 2006, she has implemented SRI on 1 hectare. Her yields on her SRI plot have increased to between 3 to 3.5 tons while reducing expenses through using less seeds and making compost herself. The rest of her land is in an area prone to flooding, making SRI more difficult to effectively implement. She is also a member of the organic rice producer group and village women’s group.

In her view, traditional methods are both more labor intensive and less productive: “When I used traditional methods, I had to work more because I didn’t have any knowledge of farming. I didn’t know what I was doing. Now I feel much more confidant.”

She also obtains better prices from her organic rice. Local merchants pay 1,200 riel (approximately 30 cents UDS) per kilo for conventional rice, while CEDAC buys at 1,600 riel (40 cents USD) per kilo for export. She has used her income from greater yields and higher prices to invest in other business ventures and to send her children to school.

Her family owns pigs, cows, chickens and ducks. From pigs alone, they can earn an additional 1.2 million riel (approximately $300 USD) per year. They also extract palm juice to make sugar, even though they don’t have any sugar palms on their property. After paying other landowners for the right to harvest their sugar palms, they can earn an additional 2 million riel per year ($500 USD). They have also invested in a small rice mill to process other farmers’ conventionally grown rice, from which they can earn 1 million riel ($250 USD) per year.

She also believes that SRI has increased solidarity within the community. While CEDAC trainers introduced the methods to the community, support from neighboring villagers was vital to its continued success. Also, village-based organizations such as the women’s group, initially set up to provide a venue for women farmers to discuss agriculture and savings, have proven to be useful forums for social and community issues.

In the future Mrs. Sothy plans to experiment further with SRI on her other land, as well as encourage other farmers in her village to discontinue using chemical inputs. She would like to expand organic rice production in her community by establishing communal activities such as cow dung collection, which would encourage first-time organic farmers. She is glad that CEDAC is active in her community and benefits from regular meetings for both training and village affairs.

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The System of Rice Intensification (SRI) Training in Pakistan https://cedac.org.kh/en/archives/5423 Thu, 19 Jul 2018 07:59:46 +0000 http://ischooldb.com/cedac/?p=5423 On 26th May 2009, Lok Sanjh Foundation (LSF) organized a one day training workshop on System of Rice Intensification (SRI) in relation to Biodiversity-based Ecological Agriculture (BEA) at Sheikhupura District of Pakistan. The main purpose of the workshop was to promote SRI and BEA in Pakistani Punjab’s rice farming systems. Farmers from different areas of Sheikhupura who have been identified as key researcher farmers by LSF participated in the event. View Detail

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SRI Field Visit for Farmers from The Phillipines https://cedac.org.kh/en/archives/5420 Thu, 19 Jul 2018 07:54:54 +0000 http://ischooldb.com/cedac/?p=5420 From 8-18 July 2009, CEDAC Institute for Local Development (CILD) hosted a field visit for three farmers from Philippines. The objective of the mission was to learn about
System of Rice Intensification (SRI) both technical and practical knowledge and the specific dissemination approach adopted by CEDAC’s Cambodian farmers
During the visit, the SRI principles and practices, the 12 steps of SRI techniques and the comparison between the conventional practices and SRI practices were presented. CEDAC’s activity and strategy in promoting and disseminating SRI in the country were also presented. After the orientation meeting with a number of CEDAC staff members in Phnom Penh, the three-farmers from Philippines traveled to stay with SRI Farmer Promoters, Mr. Prak Chres and Mr. Larch Khly for seven days in Tramkak district, Takeoprovince. There, they were able to learn many new things related to SRI. They practiced SRI farming with Cambodian farmers including seed selection, land leveling,transplanting and weeding. They also visited a rice wine producing place, and observed fish raising and the multi-purposes farming of Mr. Ros Mao. View Detail

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